CODE SMELLS

After the class activity on smells, I was interested in knowing more about it and how it relates to programming. The term was quite interesting, so I chose this topic because I wanted to know more. After several searches, I finally settled on this blog that talks about code smells and makes it easy to understand.

In this blog, I like the fact that it relates code smells to the everyday smell that we know, typically body odor. Initially I was thinking of code smell as a bug but this blog made it clear that it isn’t a bug. Blog talks about the downside of having code smells which are causing technical debt and affecting the maintainability of software system. It also gives some links to some series that explains more about code smells, giving examples, code snippets and how to identify and solve smells in a code. It talks about various code smells which are Method-level, Class-level and General-level code smells. Each type of code smells mentioned explains and give an overview/points on what to look out for in codes/programs to identify a specific kind of code smell. This blog also talks about some stereotypes of code smells that I found interesting and relevant.  

In this blog, I learned that code smell is a piece of code that we perceive as incorrect but do not fix right away. That being said, code smells in software programs will produce output but may affect the quality of the program if not taken care of.

In method-level code smell, I learned that there are certain things that one must check in methods to identify smells. These include the method not being used, taking too many parameters, doing too many or little things, having too many branches or loops. I always thought that methods can have as much parameters as it can but little did I know that too many parameters in a method could affect a software system and needs to be corrected. In the future I will not include methods that I do not use in my program.

I learned in Class-level code smells that the name of a class and programming interface should reflect its purpose. Also, when a class does too much or too little work, class unnecessarily exposes its internal details, inherits a base class but only some of its inherited behavior is needed, design of a class is overly complex are indications of code smells.

As I was reading through the series in this blog, I found very educative term which is factory method. I learned that factory method is a method, typically static, that returns an instance of a class and uses a constructor publicly or private. When too much work is required to get new instances when using constructors, it is always encouraged to resort to factory methods, although there are other cases where one could use factory methods.

I hope this blog is helpful to others as well.

https://blog.jetbrains.com/dotnet/2018/06/18/sharpen-sense-code-smell/

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